the Trinity (Brahma, Vishnu, Siva) the Navagrahas (including Surya) have
the maximum importance in Hindu Rituals. They are considered to play a
major role in deciding the destiny of man.
All the nine grahams
(planets) viz Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Rahu (Snake's
head) and Ketu (Snake's tail) give us pleasure and serenity and remove
obstacles from our way. The names of the seven bodies (Sun, Moon, Mars,
Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn) are still connected, in some languages,
with the seven days of the week. In astrology, great importance is placed
on the positions of the various planets in the twelve constellations of
the zodiac, the belt around the sky in which the movements of Sun, Moon
and planets are confined. All astrology is totally based on the planetary
movements and its effect on human beings. Navagrahas along with their
consorts are found very rarely even in India.It is one of a kind in Singapore.Navagrahas
with their consorts are called SAKTHI SAMETHA NAVAGRAHAS.Praying to the
grahas when they are with their consorts is considered to bring immediate
positive influence as the grahas are in a cheerful mood.
The Navagrahas realising their mistake, pleaded for mercy. Brahma adviced them to seek the blessings of Lord Siva and his consort Uma Devi residing at Thirumangalakudi, after bathing in the holy river, Cauvery. He adviced them to consume only curd rice laid on Velerukku leaf. Lord Siva, pleased with their devotion absolved them of their sins and decried that there will be nine sannadhis for the navagrahas in the Suryanar temple (this is the only temple where all the navagrahas are present with separate sannadhis) and those who pray here will get relief from their problems. Those who suffer the ill effects of Kalathara Dosham, Vivaha Paribandha Dosham, Puthra Dosham, Puthra Paribandha Dosham, Vidhya Paribandha Dosham, Udyoga Padhibandha Dosham, Surya dasai, Surya bukthi would benefit from worshipping at this temple. Father, Athma, physical strength, right eye, governmental largesse are the beneficial aspects of this planet.
Suryanar temple is located 12kms from Kumbakonam enroute to Mayavaram.
Surya's wives are Usha, Prathyusha. The presiding deities are Puranavaradheeswarar
and his consort Mangalanayaki. Surya is the Lord of Simma Rasi and occupies
the central place amongst the navagrahas. The adidevatha is Agni, prathyutha
Devatha - Rudran. His colour is red and his vahana is a chariot drawn
by seven horses. The grain associated with his is wheat; the flower -
lotus, yerukku; fabric - red clothes; gem - ruby; food - wheat, rava,
is also hailed as Thingal and his abode is Thingalur. it is here that
Chndran prayed to Lord Siva and got his blessings. As Chandran is held
in the locks of Lord Siva, all devotees who worship Easwaran have also
to worship this planet. The Devas and asuras were churning the paarkadal
using Mandira Malai and the snake Vasuki. The asuras held the head portion
of the snake and the devas, the tail portion. The poison emitted by Vasuki
was consumed by Lord Siva to save the devas, but the toxicity of venom
affected the Devas who swooned on its impact. Alongwith the nectar (amirtham),
Chandran emerged and it was he who revived the Devas.
Chevvai Bhagavan is worshipped in the town of Vaideeswaran Koil which is also called Thirupullirukku Velur. Sambathi, Jadayu, Lord Muruga, Suriyan are also reputed to have worshipped in this sthalam. Even diseases that could not get cured by Mani Manthira Aushathangal got cured at this place and the presiding deity came to be called Vaidyanathar. His consort who was the chief of women of both worlds is hailed as Thayal Nayagi. Selva Muthukumarasami of this temple is lovingly called Muthiah. Kumaragurubarasami wrote the book "Muthukumarasami Pillai Thamizh".
Once, when Lord Shiva was in deep meditation, perspiration from his third eye fell on earth. The male child that was born of this sweat drop was Angaragan (Chevvai). Angaragan married Sakthi Devi of Avanti town and had a son called Sumarasan. Problems from wife/children/brothers, enimity with friends, loss of wealth, quarrels, problems with Govt., lasting poverty, anger, bad friendship, Kalathira Dosham are because of Chevvai. By praying to him, a person can offset the problems arising out of his afflictions. Brothers and sisters, physical strength, victory, valour are the beneficial aspects of this planet. The sthalam of Chevvai Bhagavan is Vaideeswaran koil, which is located 6kms from Sirgazhi en route to Mayavaram. His wives are Malini, Susilini. The presiding deity are Vaidyanathan and his consort Thaiyal Nayaki. Chevvai is the Lord of Mesha and Vrichika Rasi and he faces South direction. The Adi Devatha is Boomidevi; Prathyathi Devatha is Kshetra Balagan; his colour is red and his vahana is the ram. The grain associated with him is thuvarai; the flowers - shenbagam and red arali; fabric - red cloth; gem - coral; food- rice mixed with toor dhal powder.
Acchuthagapanar bathed in the three tanks, worshipped Thiruvengadar and he was blessed with a child. This child came to be known as Meikandar and became the chief of Chandanakuravars.
Thiruvengadar, the son of Sivanesan and Gnanambigai, with the blessings of a Siva Muni received Siva Ditchai and a Siva Linga and came to be called Pattinathu Adigal.
Indran to make remedies for his sin of having killed Virudhasuran, worshipped Lord Thiruvengadar & was absolved of his sins.
Sage Durvasar gifted a mala to Indran. Indran, in his vanity threw it on his white elephant Iravadam which stamped the mala under its feet. Durvasar cursed Indran to turn into a wild elephant. Indran realising his folly formed a tank (Thadagam) in Thiruvengadu and worshipped a Siva Linga. He was blessed by Lord Siva and absolved of his sins and reached Indralogam again.
Vedarasi, a brahmin had placed his bundle of food in the hollow of a tree. A snake residing in the hollow, spewed poison on the food. Unaware of this, Vedarasi gave this food to a vedic priest, who died of the poison. This brahmin was absolved of his Brahmahathi Dosham by worshipping Lord Siva of Thiruvengadu.
on realising that he was destined to die in his eighth year, reached Thiruvengadu
and performed Siva pooja. As soon as he saw Yama, he held on to the Siva
Linga tightly. Yama on seeing Thiruvengadar, ran away in fear and died.
On the request of the Devas, the Lord brought Yama back to life.
Devas, when churning the paarkadal for nectar, were hindered by the poisonous
fumes from the snake Vasuki and prayed to Lord Siva for deliverance. Lord
Siva consumed the deadly poison (Ala Visham), thus giving rise to the
name Alangudi to this sthalam and the Lord came to be called Aabathsagayar.
presiding deity Agneeswarar is the embodiment of Sukran. Sukrachariar
was the Guru of asuras. He had got the blessings from Lord Siva after
severe penances. In the Vamana Avataram of Lord Vishnu, Vamana sought
three foot steps of land from Mahabali, an asura king. Realising Vamana
to be no mere mortal, Sukrachariyar assumed the form of a bee and tried
to block the flow of water from the kamandalam. Vamana picking up a pavithram
blinds Sukracharya in one eye while trying to unclog the hole in the kamandalam.
Sani Bhagavan waiting to aspect Nala, noticed that he had not washed the back portion of his feet, while preparing for his prayers. Deciding this was the opportune time, he aspected Nala. Because of this, Nala lost his composure and lost his kingdom to Pudkaran in a game of dice and sent his children to their uncle's house. Nala departed to the forest with his wife Damayanti. Saneeswaran created trouble even there and made Nala desert his wife in the forest. The snake Karkotagan bit Nala, making him lose his stature (was made to look ugly). He took on the job of a charioteer with king Irudhupannan. Damayanti, in the meantime reached the kingdom of her father, and arranged a Swayamvara to locate Nala. Damyanti identified Nala, the charioteer as her husband. Thanks to a boon from Karkodagan, Nala regained his old form. In spite of being back with his wife, Nala feeling very disturbed, sought the solace of sage Bharadwaja and on his advice reached Thirunallar. He bathed in the Brahma Thirtham of the temple, and when he entered the sanctum sanctorum of the temple, Saneeswaran departed from him.
in each Rasi for a period of 2 1/2 years. When Saneeswaran resides in
the 12th, 1st and 2nd house, it is 7 1/2 Naatu Sani ; when in the 4th
house, it is Arthashtama Sani; when in the 8th house, it is Ashtama Sani.
During these periods, he troubles the native.
Saneeswaran is reputed to be both, a giver and destroyer. A person who prays to Saneeswaran will be blessed with not only riddance from the problems and worries faced, but a life that one desires. The sthalam of Sani Bhagavan is Thirunallaru, which is located 3kms from Karaikal, enroute to Peralam. His wives are Neela Devi and Manga Devi. The presiding deities are Dharbaranyeswarar (Swaymbumurti) and his consort Bogamartha Poon Mulayal. He is the Lord of Maharam and Kumba Rasis and faces the West direction. The Adi Devatha is Yaman and the Prathyathi Devatha is Prajapathi. His colour is black; his vahana the crow; the grain associated with him is gingelley; the flower - vanni and black kuvalai; fabric - black cloth; gem - neelam (blue saphire); food - rice mixed with gingelle.
|Thirunageswaram Sthala varalaru, dosham and remedial measures|
The king of the nagas, Rahu prayed to Lord Siva and hence this place got the name Thirunageswaram. Here Rahu Bhagavan has manifested with both his consorts. At this sthala, the colour of milk changes from white to blue during Abhishekam. On 16.2.86, a snake had shed off its outer skin on Rahu Bhagavan, which is preserved and worshipped to date.
The abode of Uppiliappan, which is also hailed as 'South Tirupathi', is situated very close to this temple. Of the 127 temples located to the South of river Cauvery, this temple is amongst the most prominent.
Suryan, Vinayagar, Gautamar, Nalan, Parasarar, Pandavas, Vasishtar, Indran, Brahma, Bageerathan, Chandrasenan, Adiseshan, Kakkan Karkodagan, Sounagar, Nargunan have prayed and benefited at this sthala.
King Sambumali who
had incurred the wrath of sage Kaalangiri, attained moksha after bathing
in the temple tank and praying to the Lord and Ambal of this temple.
Rahu is the source of plenty. Kalathra dosham, puthira dosham, communicable diseases, mental disorders, leprosy, fall in grace are caused by Rahu dosham. Praying to Rahu at this sthala helps rid a person from these factors and also saves the person from all poisonous life forms. Trips to holy places, Gnanmarkam are his beneficial aspects.
The sthalam of Rahu is Thirunageswaram, which is located 6 kms from Kumbakonam, enroute to Karaikal. The presiding deities are Naaganaadar and Girigujaambigai. He faces the South-West direction. The Adi Devatha is Durga and the Prathyathi Devatha is the snake. His colour is black, his vahana is blue lion; the grain associated with him is orid; the flower-mandarai; fabric-black cloth; gem- Komedagam; food-rice mixed with orid dhal powder.